Driving distractions aren’t limited to mobile phones anymore.

It seems that driving distractions aren’t limited to just using mobile devices or electronic gadgets when behind the wheel. While the dangers of fiddling with a phone while operating a motor vehicle have been highlighted and made very clear over the years thanks to crash statistics, studies have shown that another driving distraction has made itself apparent: the passenger.

That’s right, passengers have a profound effect on drivers when they are out on the road. According to a study, passengers influence driver behaviors, for better or for worse, due to a variety of factors such as passenger age, relationship with the driver, and even gender.

Imagine you’re driving down the road with your passenger, following directions from Waze, and you make a wrong turn. Your passenger says that you screwed up and decides to show the phone with directions in your face as you drive. You glance at it for a few seconds, only to not spot that traffic has stopped in front. If you’re lucky enough, you can slam on the brakes in time, or you end up hitting the rear of the vehicle. Now imagine having more passengers that decide to be backseat drivers, pressuring the driver into driving a certain way. It puts yourself and others at risk.

With that in mind, Ford has compiled a list of five ways you can become a better passenger:

1. Be a helpful co-pilot

Take an active role during the drive by navigating, answering the phone, warning of approaching hazards and keeping the driver company.

2. Don’t distract the driver

If you expect the driver to focus on the road, do your part to minimize distractions. Don’t talk loudly on the phone, constantly change the music or comment on their driving.

3. Stay awake

Sleeping passengers can increase the chances of the driver falling asleep, too. If needed, swap drivers during long journeys so everyone can take a short nap when tiredness sets in.

4. Keep kids safe

Avoid meltdowns by being prepared with a snack, book or other activities for children. Your “precious cargo” – ie. everyone in your car – should be safely secured with seat belts and age-appropriate car seats to minimize distractions and maximize safety.

5. Speak up

You have the right to tell drivers to stop putting your lives in danger if they are driving recklessly or engaging in risky behavior.

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